Its founding fathers were some of the most eminent scientists in Europe and the US. The manifest that they signed on August 30th 2005 expresses the leading principles for IPL. IPL was initially located in The Netherlands. In 2011 it moved its activities to Singapore, first as the NTU Complexity Program and since 2014 as Para Limes @ NTU. In September 2018 it resumed its activities in Europe as Para Limes @ EU.